Windows runs the Service Control Manager (SCM) within the process
services.exe. Windows launches services as independent processes or DLL loads within a svchost.exe group. To be a legitimate service, a process (or DLL) must have the appropriate service entry point SvcMain. If an application does not have the entry point, then it will timeout (default is 30 seconds) and the process will be killed.
To survive the timeout, adversaries and red teams can create services that direct to
cmd.exe with the flag
/c, followed by the desired command. The
/c flag causes the command shell to run a command and immediately exit. As a result, the desired program will remain running and it will report an error starting the service. This analytic will catch that command prompt instance that is used to launch the actual malicious executable. Additionally, the children and descendants of services.exe will run as a SYSTEM user by default. Thus, services are a convenient way for an adversary to gain Persistence and Privilege Escalation.
|Technique||Subtechnique(s)||Tactic(s)||Level of Coverage|
|Create or Modify System Process||Windows Service||Persistence, Privilege Escalation||Moderate|
|D3-PLA||Process Lineage Analysis|
Data Model References
Returns all processes named
cmd.exe that have
services.exe as a parent process. Because this should never happen, the
/c flag is redundant in the search.
process = search Process:Create cmd = filter process where (exe == "cmd.exe" and parent_exe == "services.exe") output cmd
Splunk, Sysmon native
The Splunk version of the above pseudocode.
index=__your_sysmon_index__ EventCode=1 Image="C:\\Windows\\*\\cmd.exe" ParentImage="C:\\Windows\\*\\services.exe"
Eql, EQL native
EQL version of the above pseudocode.
process where subtype.create and (process_name == "cmd.exe" and parent_process_name == "services.exe")
Dnif, Sysmon native
DNIF version of the above pseudocode.
_fetch * from event where $LogName=WINDOWS-SYSMON AND $EventID=1 AND $App=cmd.exe AND $ParentProcess=regex(.*services.exe.*)i limit 30
Logpoint, LogPoint native
LogPoint version of the above pseudocode.
norm_id=WindowsSysmon event_id=1 image="C:\Windows\System32\cmd.exe" parent_image="C:\Windows\System32\services.exe"